Everything You Need To Know About Edibles
Everything You Need To Know About Edibles
The 2018 legalization of cannabis in Canada has led to a new category of cannabis products known as edibles. While edibles and topical products aren't legal just yet the new category is valued at 2.7B with edible foods being responsible for half the value. Canada has plans to make edibles legal before 2020.
What Are Edibles?
Cannabis edibles are foods or drinks that have been infused with Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC) or Cannabidiol(CBD). THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for giving the user the famous psychoactive high. CBD is another cannabinoid found in cannabis and will act as the seatbelt for THC as CBD counteracts the effects of THC by binding to the same receptors in the brain. CBD on its own is effective in reducing anxiety, seizures, symptoms in Parkinson's, and body pain
How are Edibles made?
Edibles are made like any other food or drink product that you would normally find in a grocery store the only exception with edibles is edibles are first infused with cannabis or cannabinoids. The cannabis or cannabinoids(THC/CBD) are first infused into a fat-based medium which is typically various cooking oils (coconut, olive, MCT oil or butter). Anything that is fat-based can be infused with cannabis as the THC cannabinoid is fat-soluble. The infused oils are cooked into various recipes like cookies, brownies, gummies, chocolates, hot sauce, and much more. What's more decarbed cannabis can be directly added to food without infusion for a simpler route.
How strong are Edibles?
Edible that are available today come in a wide range of potencies. Some edibles are concentrated at 10 milligrams THC and others are concentrated at 1000 milligrams. Health Canada states the standard dose for THC is 10mgs and our research suggests a 30 mg dose is appropriate for CBD and 10mg dose is appropriate for THC.
According to OCS the maximum amount of THC allowed in a single package will be 10mg and as they have announced some of the rules expected to be followed for those producing edibles at a federal level.
From the OCS website:
- 30 mg of naturally occurring caffeine
- Trace amounts of alcohol (0.5%), but no alcoholic beverages.
- Anything that appeals to children
- Health or Diet Claims (e.g low fat, low sugar)
- Products that have been infused with mineral/vitamins
How can you take Edibles?
There are two main ways of using edibles:
The single-dose method and the titration method.
The single-dose method involves the user taking only one dose to gain desired effects.
The titration method involves the user taking a single dose(10mg) or a microdose(1mg) over a fixed increment of time (1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours).
So, the user may choose to take 1 mg every hour for a total duration of 3 hours.
The titration method is better suited for an experienced cannabis user as the effect will intensify very rapidly as titration continues.
It's recommended taking edibles in a comfortable setting as effects will more than likely last at least 3-6 hours.
How long do edibles take to kick in? How long does the high last?
Not all edibles are made equal, unfortunately, some edibles take longer to kick-in than others. The reason for this is the manufacturing process of making edible for can vary for example some manufacturers will use binding ingredients such as soy lecithin, which helps the THC molecules bind to the fat molecules in the oil during the infusion phase and other manufacturers might skip this step, conversely, affecting quality and bio-availability of their products.
Other factors that affect onset are metabolism, tolerance, daily cannabis use, stomach contents, and dose.
The OCS states an edible will take as long as 2-4 hours to kick in with intense effects lasting up to 12 hours. We have feedback from our users that effects can be felt within 15 minutes lasting up to 12 hours.
How Do Edibles Work?
The edible is first consumed by the user where it hits the digestion system. The THC molecules from the edible are released into the bloodstream from the digestion tract and travel to the liver. Once in the liver, the THC molecules are converted into delta-9-THC and 11-OH-THC. This process takes 15-30 minutes, hence, the time it takes for edibles to kick in.
Delta-9-THC is the type of THC produced when someone smokes marijuana, however, 11-OH-THC is only produced by consuming edibles and is stronger in effect than delta-9-THC. This is the reason users will report feeling higher on an edible versus smoking marijuana alone.
Worst Case Scenario
The main fact to remember during an edible trip is to remain calm and listen to your body. Need water? Drink. A rest? Go Rest. Don't push your body through anything physically intensive as it can lead to serious injury. It is also not recommended to consume edibles in conjunction with alcohol or drive any vehicle while under the influence.
If you use edibles responsibly you can limit your chances of a negative experience.
Thank You For Reading! Happy Tripping!
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